One of the biggest hazards of heat waves is to health. People of all ages can suffer the effects of a heat wave, but the ill, very young, elderly, or overwieigh tend to be affected more severely. It is important to follow the warnings, advisory and health tips to stay healthy during these extreme heat waves. Be prepared for others to ignore warnings. When the human body sweats in large amounts, salt and other mineralys are lost which have to be replaced.

  1. STAY HYDRATED : Water is the key during times of extreme heat. Make sure to drink plenty of water throughout the day and evening. Do remember that young children and aging adults need to stay hydrated. Even if you, your friends or neighbors aren’t feeling thirsty, encourage them to drink water.
  2. STAY INSIDE : Fortunately, most office environments have excellent heating and cooling systems. Do what you can to stay inside and this might be an opportunity to catch up on that inside to-do list.
  3. CHECK ON FAMILY MEMBERS, SENIORS, FRIENDS & NEIGHBORS : It is important to check on anyone who may not have air conditioning or who may spend time alone and to bring them water.  Staying hydrated is the best chance to beat the affects of heat stroke or heat exhaustion.
  4. Limit your exposure to the sun. Wear polarized sunglasses and hats at all times during heat waves.
  5. Avoid unnecessary sun exposure. If you don’t have to go out, don’t. During summer heat waves, children are often attending camps and sports practices. It is up to parents, coaches and counselors to ensure safety during activities that may expose people to heat waves.


Heat exhaustion, which shows itself in symptops such as vomiting, diarrhea, headaches, nausea, etc. can lead to dehydration if not taken care of right away. Heat stroke can be fatal if not treated immediately. Heat rash, heat cramps and heat syncope are the results of severe heat waves. It is important to call and check on anyone who may not have daily interactions and check on their health. Of all the natural phenomena, heat waves can be the most destructive to personal health and are considered one of the most fatal weather phenomena.


  1. Never leave children or animals in a closed vehicle.
  2. Young children and babies can get dehydrated much faster than adults. It is critical to provide plenty of cool water to young ones.
  3. During peak heat hours, encourage your elderly friends, parents and loved ones to stay inside or in air-conditioned areas. Movie theaters are a great attraction to stay cool and entertained. It’s a great time to make a double feature movie.
  4. Wear light colored clothing when in the heat.
  5. Always wear polarized and UV protecting sunglasses.
  6. Wear a wide brimmed hat.